These two activities -stretching and hydrating - are critical to any type of exercise we do and certainly contribute to the reduction of the debilitating muscle spasm.

Stretch. Warm up your muscles, especially when you know you’ll be using them for a long time. Stretch both before and after you exercise. If you tend to get leg cramps at night, make sure to stretch before you go to bed. Doing a few minutes of light exercise like stationary bike riding before you sleep can help your muscles relax better while you sleep, too.

Hydrate. Plenty of water throughout the day can help ward off cramps. Your body’s cells are happier when they have lots of fluids. Drink more when you’re more active, or when the weather is hot or dry. Keep the water flowing. That'll help you and your muscles stay hydrated, relaxed and happy.